PDF Download Art History (6th Edition) By Marilyn Stokstad, Michael W. Cothren Full Ebook,PDF Free Art History (6th Edition) By Marilyn Stokstad, Michael W. Cothren Ebook,Books Online Art History. Stokstad Art History Pdf is not the form you're looking for? Preview of sample. Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd. Flag for inappropriate Stokstad, Marilyn Art History / Marilyn Stokstad, Michael W. Cothren; contributors. ART HISTORY. mARIlYn STOkSTAd. Judith Harris Murphy Distinguished Professor of Art History Emerita. The University of Kansas. mIcHAel w. cOTHRen.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Japanese|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
[PDF] Download Art History Vol 1 (6th Edition) Ebook | READ global Book Details Author: Marilyn Stokstad,Michael W. Cothren Pages: About Books Free eBooks Art History Volume 1 by Marilyn Stokstad: The Stokstad pdf, Read Marilyn Stokstad epub Free eBooks Art History. [PDF] Read Art History by Marilyn Stokstad AudioBooks Read. Art History by Marilyn Stokstad. Book Information. This is the eBook of the printed book and may.
Upcoming SlideShare. Like this presentation? Why not share! An annual anal Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. CamiePeraza Follow. Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Book details Author: Marilyn Stokstad Pages: Pearson Language: English ISBN Description this book The most student-friendly, contextual, and inclusive survey is now personalized, digital, and mobile for today s students.
The end result is a complete learning program designed to increase students success with a 4. If you want to download this book, click link in the last page 6. The bison has been.
T o the left. Wh y did the ar tist portray. Is it a. The painting may. The cave painti ngs at. Altami ra, near Santan der in t he. Cantabrian Mountains in Spain—the first. Upper Paleoli thic per iod—have b een. Altamira ar tists created sculptural effects. T o produce the herd of bison on the. They mixed yellow. In a d ark cave , workin g by th e light of an animal-fa t lamp, an art ist.
Then he. The dra wing dem onstrates how ca ve archaeo logist M ichel. Lorblanch et and his assi stant us ed the step-by-s tep proces s of t he.
France c reated a complex design of spott ed horse s. By tur ning him self int o a hum an spray can, Lorblanche t can. To capture its ang ular rum p, he p laces hi s hand verticall y. T o produc e the s harpest. To create t he forele gs. A hole punched in. It t akes.
Lorblanch et only 32 hour s to rep roduce the Pech-Me rle pain ting of. Lascaux Cave, Do rdogne, F rance. Painters work ed not only in large caverns, but also far back in. Small stone lamps found in such caves—ov er Although 1 pound of fat would b urn for 24 hours and produce no.
Shaft s cene in Lascaux Cave. P aint on limeston e, lengt h approx. Paint on limesto ne, leng th approx. Homo sa piens sap iens art ists use d three painting technique s: In some. Objects such.
But a change was already under wa y that would completely. T oday , advances in technology , medicine, transpor tation, and elec-. Many thousands of years ago, change took place much more. In the tenth millennium BCE the world had already entered. The world was warming up, and this affected the distribu-. Howev er, the Ice Age ended so g radually and.
One of the fundamental changes that took place in our pre-. After millennia of established interactions between people. Seen from the mo dern p erspective, this chan ge in economy. Different communi-. This is the. Wheat and barley were. This new econ-. Instead they balanced hunting, gather ing, f arm-. At the same time as these ne w food technologies and species. The beginnings of archi-.
Some b uildings were constructed from simple bricks. Regardless of the technique used, the. At the site of Lepenski Vir , on the Serbian banks of. Although this site dates to BCE , there is little evi-. Archaeologists found human bur ials under the floor s of. Caves were sometimes adorned with relief sculpture as w ell as. At Altamira, an artist simply heightened the resemblance.
Other reliefs were cr eated by modeling , or shaping, the damp cla y. An excellent example of such work in clay dat-. Here the sculptor created two. Although the. T o make the animals ev en. An aesthetic sense and the ability. Lamps found in. Some were carved i n simple. Since t he first discover ies at Altamira, archaeolo gists ha ve devel oped. Today , they primaril y use t wo approac hes to determine an. Relati ve datin g relies on the chronologic al relati onships.
Even i f type B is th e only pottery. Absol ute datin g aims. The mos t accurat e method of ab solute d ating is radiomet ric. Us ed for dating o rganic pl ant or animal. Wh en. Unde r the r ight circu mstances,.
This me thod has serious drawback s for dating wo rks of art. Us ing. A lso, som e part of the. For this reason, res earchers f requently test organi c materi als foun d. Radiocarb on datin g is mo st accur ate for material s no mo re than. Po tassium-ar gon dati ng , whic h measures. Two newer te chniques have be en used since t he mid s. Thermo-lu minescence dating measures th e irradi ation of the cr ystal.
Electro n spin resonance techniques involve using. Recent e xperiment s have helped t o date cave pai ntings w ith. Radioc arbon ana lysis ha s determ ined, fo r.
Lepenski Vir, Serbia. La Mout he Cave, Dordogne, France. Cr itically , the mix-. In addition, the clear and repeated emphasis on. Most early ar chitectural sites in the Neolithic were not as. At the site of Sesklo in northern. Greece, dated to BCE , people built stone-based, long-lasting. In some houses extraordinary art was found, made of. Some of. Others are more. A few seem to consist of mixtures of human and fish. Here we have a site with a confusing combination of. Archaeologists interpret sites like Lepenski Vir as.
In some place s early architectu re was dramatic and l ong-last-. A particularly spectacular example is. The oldest pa rt of the site consists of many , densely.
They were made of. The site was large and was home to a s ma ny as 3, Beyond the early date of th e site and its. It is often assumed by archaeologists and anthropologists that.
How ever , as hinted at by the special natur e of the activities at Lep-. For the. Most importantly , the y became an emblem. The building of house. The seasonal replastering and repainting of walls. In fact, Ian Hodder, the current director of excava-. The dead were buried under the floors of many of the build-. While there were no burials in some houses, a few con-. Periodically , perhaps to mark.
Skulls were also placed in the foundations of new houses as they. In one extraordinary burial, a deceased w oman holds in.
Painted on the. In some,. Vultur es or other birds of prey appear huge next to them. In one painting, a huge, hor ned wild animal probably a. There is great reference to men and. In other paintings, people hunt or tease boars or bulls. Other representations of wild animals are modeled in relief on. In some houses, people placed boar tusks, vulture skulls, and. Short walls and ridges created separate areas for. Within some. Sesklo, Greece, 6 BCE.
The stone-based. Some buildings had easily recognizable. The distinc-. In different parts of Europe , people created architecture in dif-. T o the northwest in Germany and central. Europe, villages of this period typically consisted of three or four. The structures were rectangular , with a row of posts down. Other inter preters argu e that. Many of these megalithic struc-. In this reasoning, death. Elabor ate m egalit hic t ombs f irst.
The simplest type of megalithic tomb was the dolmen ,. The tomb chamber was. The structure was then mounded over with. A more. At Newgrange, in Ireland, the mound of an elaborate passage. The mound was built of sod and riv er pebbles.
Its passage way , 62 feet long and lined with standing. Some of the stones are engraved with linear. These patter ns. Of all the met hods for spannin g space, post-and -lintel construct ion.
At it s most basic, t wo uprig hts pos ts supp ort a.
There are coun tless va riations, from the. Its limi tation a s a sp ace span ner is the degree of te nsile st rength of.
Another early me thod for creating openings in wa lls and covering. Grani te post- and-linte l. Khafre, G iza, Egy pt, c. Wood-post framing of. Cross section of corb eled. Cross section of post -and-lint el. Post and li ntel. V iew s imula tions of p ost- and-l intel and corbe l co nstru ction ww w. Thessaly, Greece. Newgrange , Ireland. The walls were. They wer e pr obably r oofed with thatch , plant material.
These houses. Ar ound BCE , Neolithic settlers began to locate their communities at defen-. For additional. In w estern and northern. Europe, people erected huge stones to build ceremonial structures. In some cases, they had to transpor t these g reat stones.
The monuments thus created are examples of. Archaeologists disagree about the types of society that created.
Some believe they r eflect complex, stratified. These effects may. Of all the megalithic. England FIGS. A henge is a circle of stones or posts,. Architects likely relied on the human compass, a simple.
All that is required is a length of cord either cut or knotted. A person holding one end. Stonehenge is not the largest such circle from the Neolithic. Bronze Age. The site started as a cemetery of cremation burials. Through numerous sequences of. Between BCE , the bluestones w ere rearranged. Around BCE , a circle of sarsen stones was used to. The center of the site was now dominated by a horseshoe-shaped. The one at the middle stood considerably taller.
This group was sur rounded by. This circle,. Over the next thou-. The di fference s in th e types of. The use of. Unlike the sarsen stone, bluestone was. The means. Some ar gue tha t t hey were floa ted.
Regardless of the means of. By bring-. Through the ages, many theories have been advanced to. In the Middle Ages, people thought that Mer-. Later , the. Druids priests. Because its orientation is related to the movement. T oday none of these ideas is. It is now believ ed that Stonehenge was the site of ceremonies.
This theory has been constructed from. A new generation of archaeologists, led by Mike Parker Pearson,. The settlements built near Stonehenge follow circular layouts,. Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire,. Click the Goog le. Earth link for. It is likely that t he te chnol ogy fo r produ cing cera mics. These earl y pots were used in ceremonies , especially those. Only later did specialist potters share manufacturing r ecipes to.
It is probable that a similar patt ern occu rred in othe r early. In addition to fir ing clay to make pots, cups, pitchers, and.
While it was once thought that these figur ines refer to. More importantly, specialists have shown that there are great.
This degree of similar ity , and the huge. Thus, the central role the body has played in the politics, phi-. Prehistoric figures of the human for m were most numerous. In Jor-. Dated to BCE and constructed b y cov ering bundled-twig fig-. A mile from. Stonehenge is one of these sites, Dur rington W alls, which was a.
Inside the site are a number of circles made not from stone but. The rubbish left behind at this and similar sites has. Chemical analy-. Significantly , both Stonehenge and Durrington W alls are con-. These connected the.
Neolithic people would have mov ed. The meaning of Stonehenge therefore r ests within an understand-. In addition to domestic and ceremonial architecture and a food-.
P otter y pro vided a new medium of. Ceramic technolo gy emerged independently, at different times,.
It is extremely difficult to determine with cer tainty why. The idea that pottery would only emerge out of f arming settle-. Rather, it. Intentional House Burning. While mu ch research has f ocused on the o rigins a nd techn ology of the. Neolithic houses were des troyed.
Ex cavations of set tlements dating to. The com mon inte rpretation had bee n that. Ruth Tringham exploited the met hods of modern forensic science. T he results proved that the fires w ere not p art of village. Most significa ntly, they sho wed that each fire had.
I n fact, in order to get the f ires to c onsume t he. Re peated t ests by experime ntal archa eologists. Each i ntentional , house- destroying. Criticall y, even in t heir des truction, prehistor ic archite cture play ed. The figur es, each about 3 feet tall, are disturbing to. Nostrils are clearly defined, b ut the mouths are.
Clothes and other features were painted on the bod-. Though without ar ms, the legs and feet with toes are clearly. The impression is of living, breathing indi-. From Ain Ghazal, Jordan. Fired l ime plas ter with. National Museum, Amman, Jordan. However , bronze—an allo y , or mix-. The introduction of bronze, especially for weapons such as. Where copper ore was widely available across Eur ope,. Po wer bases shifted within. Trade and intergroup contacts across the. Bronze Age artistry is not limited to metalworking; indeed, some.
For a thousand y ears starting around BCE.
The Swedish reg ion of nor thern. The range of motifs is wide , including boats,. Scholars have looked fo r clues about the fu nction o f these. T he people who lived on the site built and rebuilt houses,.
Th ey. The site al so contains buildings that may. In add i-. At the same tim e, however , there are dif-. At t his. The technology of metallurgy is closely allied to that of ceramics. Although Neolithic culture persisted in northern Eur ope until. Europe about BCE. In central and southern Europe, and in. Smelted and cast copper beads and orna-. Metals were first used for or namentation. T oward the end of. Gold was also one of. Over time, the objects made from copper and gold became.
Some of the most sensational and earliest gold and. While the cemeter y consisted of several hundred burials of men,.